E.I. Petrov, I.V. Shpurov, I.Ya. Ehdel’man
Hydrocarbon resources and energy transition to renewable energy: main trends
Key words: hydrocarbons; energy transition; resource base; renewable energy sources.
For citation: Petrov E.I., Shpurov I.V., Ehdel’man I.Ya. Hydrocarbon resources and energy transition to renewable energy: main trends. Geologiya nefti i gaza. 2023;(4):9–19. DOI: 10.41748/0016-7894-2023-4-9-19. In Russ.
Rapid development of green energy and energy transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources is one of the key global trends. According to the forecast of International Energy Agency, by 2050, the demand for primary energy resources will decrease from 84 to 63 %; the absolute amount of oil production will remain at the current level, and gas production will need to increase by about 35 %. In accordance with the UN forecast, the global gross domestic product will double, and this will cause the energy consumption expansion at least by 30–35%, while renewable energy sources are not yet fully capable of meeting the growth in energy consumption. Global energy transition occurs, although not as fast as the International Energy Agency predicted in the Carbon Neutrality by 2050 roadmap. Role of Russia on the energy transition way dictates the increase in exploration and prospecting, the creation of efficient technologies to produce difficult-to-recover reserves, as well as considerable changes in development and management of the country’s available mineral resources.